Indus River System
The Indus originates in the northern slopes of the Kailash range in Tibet near Lake Manasarovar. It follows a north-westerly course through Tibet. It enters Indian territory in Jammu and Kashmir. It forms a picturesque gorge in this part. Several tributaries – the Zaskar, the Shyok, the Nubra and the Hunza join it in the Kashmir region. It flows through the regions of Ladakh, Baltistan and Gilgit and runs between the Ladakh Range and the Zaskar Range. It crosses the Himalayas through a 5181 m deep gorge near Attock, lying north of the Nanga Parbat and later takes a bend to the south west direction before entering Pakistan. It has a large number of tributaries in both India and Pakistan and has a total length of about 2897 km from the source to the point near Karachi where it falls into the Arabian Sea. Continue reading “Drainage system of India”
Biosphere Reserve in India
Biosphere reserves are areas of terrestrial and coastal ecosystems which promote the conservation of biodiversity with its sustainable use. They are internationally recognized within the framework of UNESCO’s Man and Biosphere (MAB) programme and nominated by national governments. The Ministry of Environment and Forest provides financial assistance to the respective State governments for conservation of landscape and biological diversity and cultural heritage. Biosphere reserves serve in some ways as ‘living laboratories’ for testing out and demonstrating integrated management of land, water and biodiversity. There is a World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR) under the MAB Programme. Within this network, exchanges of information, experience and personnel are facilitated. Continue reading “List of Biosphere Reserve in India”
Today I am posting the strategy for Asst commandant exam which will definitely help you in the preparation. As there are 9 months still remaining for the exam, I will divide the preparation in three phases:
Phase 1: September – December
Phase 2: January – march
Phase 3: April – June (Revision Phase) Continue reading “How to prepare for Asst Commandant?”
Part 17 of the constitution deals with the official language in articles 343 to 351 .At present the 8th schedule of the constitution specifies 22 languages(originally 14 languages).These are Assamese, Bengal, Bodo, Dogri(Dongri), Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili(maithili), Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu.
Sindhi was added by the 21st amendment act of 1967.
Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali was added by 71st amendment act of 1992.
Bodo, Dongri, Maithili and Santhali was added by the 92nd amendment act of 2003.
Asst commandant exam is held every year by UPSC. Asst commandants are Directly Appointed Gazetted Officers(DAGO) in the elite para military forces viz. central reserve police force(CRPF), central industrial security force(cisf),Indo-Tibetan border Police(ITBP), Border security force(BSF), Shashastra seema bal(SSB) which comes under the ministry of home affairs. Continue reading “All about Asst commandant Examination”
Today I am posting the list of books which are necessary for the preparation of Asst Commandant.This Includes
- M.Laxmikant for Polity
- Ramesh Singh for Economy (one can refer Indian Economy by Sanjeev Verma)
- Spectrum for Modern History (one can refer Bipin chandra )
- Majid Hussain and Khullar for Geography
Continue reading “List of books”